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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2581\margr4921\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2581\margrsxn4921\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li324\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx4464 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 FISCAL SYSTEM : INDIAN CASTES{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-17 15 7}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri22\sb238\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ;ain stream, and thus was formed a reservoir \expndtw1 : called Sudarsana, which proved of immense \expndtw-7 nal value.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb199\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 f Income and "Expenditure}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri17\sb173\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 d-revenue was the main source of income. \i\expndtw9 y \i0 the share of the crown \i (bbdgd) \i0 was one-\expndtw1 the gross produce, but the proportion perhaps}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri22\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 according to place and other circumstances. \expndtw-5 f income also included dues from mines, forests, \expndtw-2 at the frontiers., tolls and ferry duties, fees ofessional experts., taxes and tithes, fines and \expndtw7 tnces exacted in crises. The officer, respon-\expndtw-5 c the finances and revenue-collection of the \charscalex85\expndtw9 as the \i Samahartd.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri19\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 : \i0 money thus derived was largely spent on the \expndtw7 ince of the king and his court, as well as on \expndtw-3 ^, defences of the kingdom, salaries of officers, \expndtw-2 :es to artisans and some other classes of people, \expndtw9 , religious provisions, and works of public \expndtw1 ke roads, irrigation, buildings, etc,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 nes on Indian Castes}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri14\sb170\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 s interesting to note that Megasthenes divides \expndtw1 .ociety into seven classes or "castes\super 3\nosupersub . The first \expndtw-5 > that of the philosophers', and, although numeri-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 all, they were the most honoured.    This class}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri19\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 the Brahmans and ascetics   in general.   The}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri26\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 class   was    composed   of   cultivators,    who}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri22\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ted the bulk of the population.   The third class}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 sd  hunters  and herdsmen.    The fourth class}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri14\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 [   traders,   artisans,   and   boatmen.   The   fifth}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ,t of the warriors^ representing the Ksatriyas.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb242\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 the Junagadh Rock Inscription of Rudradaman, \i Ep. \i0\expndtw0 , pp. 43, 46, 1. 8.}\par }